Semiconductors in a colorful, abstract image

CHIPS and Science

"The 'CHIPS and Science Act' will make crucial investments in NSF's mission and at an incredibly important time when global competition is fiercer than ever."

- NSF Director Sethuraman Panchanathan

Credit: Senate Democratic Media Center

About the "CHIPS and Science Act"

The nation's economic and national security depends on our ability not only to harness the technologies of today, but to lay the foundation for the industries of the future. The nation must also inspire and train the next-generation STEM workforce, unleashing the potential of tomorrow's innovators by investing in their ideas today.

On August 9, President Joe Biden signed into law the "CHIPS and Science Act of 2022." The act authorizes historic investments in curiosity-driven, exploratory research and use-inspired, translational research. These investments will advance the most innovative ideas across all areas of science and engineering — accelerating their translation to solutions for today's challenges and tomorrow's — at speed and scale.

CHIPS and Science and NSF

The "CHIPS and Science Act's" investments in the National Science Foundation will help the United States remain a global leader in innovation. Implementation of this legislation will be key to ensuring that ideas, talent and prosperity are unleashed across all corners of the nation. The act:

Doubles NSF's budget over five years

CHIPS and Science authorizes an increase in overall funding for NSF — $81 billion over Fiscal Years 2023–2027 — which, if appropriated, would double the agency's budget.

Strengthens fundamental research

CHIPS and Science supports early-stage research that will create revolutionary new ideas, including in areas such as the foodenergywater system, sustainable chemistry, risk and resilience, clean water systems, technology and behavioral health, critical minerals, precision agriculture, and unmanned aircraft technologies.

The act also invests in research infrastructure, advanced computing and international collaborations.

Establishes Technology, Innovation & Partnerships

CHIPS and Science formally codifies into law Technology, Innovation and Partnerships — NSF's first new directorate in more than 30 years — and authorizes $20 billion for its initiatives over FY 2023–2027.

The act establishes 10 key technology areas critical to the nation's economic and national security.

It also creates the Regional Innovation Engines program, supports establishment of translation accelerators and test beds, invests in workforce development and training, and invests in programs to provide entrepreneurial training.

Invests in STEM education

CHIPS and Science establishes new programs to scale up innovations in pre-K-12 STEM education.

It strengthens existing NSF programs, such as Advanced Technological Education, CyberCorps Scholarship for Service, and the Robert Noyce Teacher Scholarship program.

The act also appropriates $200 million in funding for semiconductor workforce training and education activities.

Advances diversity in STEM

CHIPS and Science builds upon NSF's Broadening Participation Portfolio of programs focused on improving accessibility and enhancing demographic, geographic and institutional diversity in STEM.

It bolsters opportunities for minority-serving institutions, emerging research institutions and rural communities; increases NSF investments in EPSCoR jurisdictions over a seven-year period; and establishes a chief diversity officer at NSF to advance diversity, equity and inclusion.

It also codifies the NSF INCLUDES initiative and renames it the NSF Eddie Bernice Johnson INCLUDES initiative.

Addresses research security

CHIPS and Science sets up NSF's Office of Research Security and Policy and the chief of research security to provide guidance and resources to researchers.

It establishes an independent risk assessment center to help institutions and researchers understand and mitigate security risks.

The act also provides NSF with clear prohibitions and disclosure requirements around foreign talent recruitment programs and potential conflicts of interest.

Learn more about NSF's research security efforts.